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Muster at Gonzales and Battle of Bexar

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List of Passport Issues NAVARRO TO COS 21 Oct [Angel Navarro transmits list of persons to whom passports were issued per order of Cos]

Orders to Bowie and Fannin AUSTIN TO BOWIE 22 Oct 1835
Head Quarters Camp Salado Octr 22, '35 The first Division of the first Batallion, under the command of James Bowie, is ordered to proceed forth with to the Missions of San Juan Espada and San Jose, for the purpose of gaining information in regard to the present condition of those places- the supplies of corn there- the disposition of the inhabitants and other purposes as expressed in the instructions given to the commander of the detachment- with discretion to keep possession of one of the missions if deemed expedient. S. F. Austin.

Head Quaters Camp Salado 22d Octr. 1835 To Col James Bowie You will proceed with Capt. Fannins Division to the missions of San Juan Espardo and San Jose and examine the state and situation of those places. The quantity of corn and other provisions, the disposition of the inhabitants to the cause we are defending where the Caballado is and all other information of an interesting or important nature. Also endeavour to procure a number of cart loads of corn and beans to be brought here without delay. It is important to keep possession of one of the missions as it will secure supplies of provisions and also protect the La Bahia road. You and Capt. Fannin will however use your discretion as to retaining possession at this time.  Send down to the Ranches and gather what information you can.   By order    S. F. Austin  W D C Hall Adjt. Insptr. Genl

Situation Report to Dimmitt at Goliad AUSTIN TO DIMITT  22 Oct 1835
Head Quarters Camp Salado 22d Octr, 1835 To Capt. P Dimit Dr Sir I recd yours of 17th last night. I am much pleased with your exertions to send us on supplies of which we are greatly in want. The flour etc you dispatched has not yet arrived, being stopped at the Cevolo by the difficulty of crossing; but it will soon be brought up by mules that have been sent down this morning. You will receive an order by this express to send us on still larger supplies, which I beg you will use every exertion in your power to execute for I assure you the men here are beginning to suffer greatly for the want of bread etc etc I approve of your suggestion in regard to keeping possession of the Fort at Goliad, and you will receive this as an order to that effect. I have evry confidence in the patience of the volunteers in remaining under your command; to retain the important advantage already gained by the taking La Bahia. In evry point of view the retention of that place is necessary to us an I trust it will be maintained by the joint efforts of yourself and those under your command. If you receive further information of an authentic character in regard to the landing of troops at Copeno-despatch an express immediately to Head Quarters that measures may be taken to meet the contingency, Respectfully  By order    S F Austin     Warren D C Hall Adjt. Gen 

Postscript of 23d to letter to Captn. Demit dated Octr 22 Octr 23 Your Communications of 19 and 20th. have been received and contents duly noted.  The operations against Belar will prevent the enemy from making any attack on Goliad, and the fall of Bejar will close the Campaign. Captn. Alleys Company has principally joined the army and I understand from the report of those who have arrived that others will join today, so that it will be impossible to order that Company back to Goliad. You will therefore retain the force you have at that place and keep possession. Some more men can be drawn from the Colorado and Bay Prairie in case of emergency.  I have given authority to D Juan Seguin to contract for pack mules to bring up salt, Flour etc. from Goliad. He will write to you on the subject. Send two packs of salt. I have appointed Juan Seguin a Captn. of the Federal Army and he will raise a Company of Mexicans. Inform your men, of this that he may be respected as such and as a devoted friend of the Constitution.  S F. Austin 

Head Quarters Camp Salado To the Commandant at Goliad, Octr 22, 1835 You will with as little delay as possible despatch to this point one hundred barrels of flour six boxes of sugar-six sacks of Coffee-2 barrels of wine and one of Rum or brandy and seven kegs of powder, and 300 lbs. tobacco, and for this purpose you will Contract for Carts waggons oxen mules horses or whatever else may be necessary to transport the aforementioned articles to this place. You will give instructions to the persons charged with the duty of tranporting them to follow the Bejar road, up as far as the Salado. But a guard will be dispatched from here which will probably meet them at a point much lower down to give them suitable protection. Care shall be taken to have the guard far enough on the way in time. They will of course come on till they meet the guard.  By order    S F. Austin  Warren D C Hall  Adj. Genl   P. S. I had omitted the article of salt. Send a good supply of that as there is not now enough in Camp to last for 3 days.

Report after taking Mission Espada BOWIE AND FANNIN to AUSTIN 22 Oct 1835
Thursday night 12 oclk. Mission of Espada 22d. octr 1835 Genl Austin At half after 4 oclk p. M we took possession of this Mission, with out any resistance-A guard of five men, escaped us by only a few minutes-We find the Citizens well disposed and quite communicative A large number of the citizens of Bexar and of this place, are now laying out, to prevent being forced to perform the most servile duties-We can place the most implicit confidence in all the information read from Bexar which is up to 5 oclk p.m. Great consternation was manifested there when our approach to this point was made known-The fortifications are nearly or quite such as before made known to you, with this addition, the tops of the Houses at the entrance of the Streets, are forified, with UNBURNT Brick, with Port holes, for their Infantry They have 8 pieces (4 lb) mounted-and one of larger size preparing for us. They have none on the Church-but have removed all their ammunition to it, and enclosed it by a wall, made of wood, six feet apart and six feet high, filled in with dirt, extending from the corners to the ditch, say sixty yards in length We are informed that they have not got in corn or other provisions, and we find it all growing, or rather, yet in the fields: and are informed that it is the Case above Town. When our approach was ascertained the alarm was great, and 14 Beef Cattle was ordered to be pened up-The men with whom we have conversed-are decidedly of the opinion, that in five days, they can be starved out.  We propose to explore above this early tomorrow-and will occupy the nearest point to Town-bearing in mind the necessity of holding this place, and keeping up a communication with you We would respectfully suggest the propriety of the main army to take a position above Town, and cut off all provisions from above, and we will attend to it below This will alarm and intimidate the enemy, and inspire our friends with renewed confidence, and will affect our object at once Should the re-inforcements arrive, and you can well spare them, fifty men will be acceptable, and we will then be entirely able to take and hold any position, you may please to designate Owing to the late hour of our arrival, we have not examined the missions above, but have had it done by our Pilot, who reports only five soldiers at St Jose, and none at St Juan-We learn that no public stores are collected at either place-The Bean crops are entirely distroyed-There is corn in abundance, but the principal owners are in Town, and Couriers will be dispatched early for them, to make contracts with [them] for the army. There is corn here, but owned by men who Rent the Land, and will sell for cash only, and only in small quantities They have rec no reenforcements lately-and no news from Capt Baragan-they have removed nearly all the horses to Lorado on the Rio Grande-and keep up at night those they have (from 2 to 300) and graze them near Town in the day-Their whole force does not reach 600, according to the report of a respectable gentleman, who escaped, with his family, from Town this morning, and now with us Early in the morning a Courier will be dispatched to Segines Ranch, where Juan is, but the old man is in Town-Genl. Cos has threatened to make Seguine and others of the most respectable citizens to sweep the public square, and in case he whiped us, to make their Ladies, grind tortias for his soldiers Should you concur with us, and determine to occupy the position above, inform us of it, that we may co-operate with you, and wind up the job speedily   James Bowie   J. W. Fannin Jr. 

P.S. Fow to us our portion of the supplies, as we have prospect, but from our private resources--also the men belonging to the Companies of this Division who were left behind--also request them to bring forw the Baggage of their respective companies.   J.B.  J.W.F.  [Addressed:] Genl. S.F. Austin at Camp Salado, Near Bexar--

Juan SeguinAppointment of Juan Seguin 23 Oct 1835 AUSTIN TO DIMITT
Head Quarters Camp Salado Octr 23, 1835 To Captn. Dimit Commandant of Goliad, D Juan Seguin is appointed to raise a Company of volunteers of native Mexicans in defence of the Constitution and Federal System. He will need arms and amunition-you will furnish him with what he calls for of both so far as the stock on hand will permit. S F Austin etc By order Warren D C Hall Adjt Genl.

Commission to Juan Seguin 23 Oct 1835 AUSTIN TO SEGUIN
Head Quarters Camp Salado, Oct. 23, '35 The trusty patriot D. Juan Seguin is appointed captain in the federal army of Texas, and as such is fully authorized to raise a company of patriots to operate against the centralists and military in defence of the constitution of 1824 and the federal system. S. F. Austin By order Warren D. C. Hall Adj. Gen.

Report from Mission San Juan and Jose BOWIE AND FANNIN TO AUSTIN 23 Oct 1835
Mission of Espada, 23 octr 1835 5 Oclk P M friday evening Genl Austin-In conformity with your orders, and agreeably to our suggestions of last night, we marched to the Missions above this, and make the following report of their situation and such oher information as we deem important-at the Mission of St Juan, they only planted three pecks of corn, and it is yet in the field, and very fine-The Citizens are well disposed, and now look to us for protection-and should the Enimy attempt to withdraw their corn, information will be forthwith free from them  At the Mission of St Jose, we find no corn, the dam having been broke early this season and the crop abandoned-only a small crop of Peas, and these not yet well ripened-This Mission is in a dilapidated state and only one family at it-At the former, several respectable families, and the walls in a good state of preservation, and a strong hold for defence St Jose has fine quarters for the men, but the water too remote, and too much at the mercy of the enimy- No intelligence from the Segiences, as yet-We learn that reinforcements to the amt of 30 men arrived-in Bexar last night-also that you had a slight skirmish with an outpost in which they report only one killed-he being shot in the eye They say two more parties of reinforcements are looked for daily-If we had fifty men more, we could keep out spyes on the two roads and cut them off, and be in no sort of danger ourselves There is but little money in Camp-and the men are complaining that corn and other provisions are not furnished them We will make purchases of Beef and corn tonight with our own funds and hope to hear from you tomorrow early-Our private resources are quite limited, and cannot be expected to last beyond tomorrow-or we should not apply to you for aid-You know the materials we have-they will fight-and fight desperately; but must Eat.  We expect to take a position in the timber, near Bexar, tomorrow; and request regular information from you, that we may be fully apprized of your movements, and know how far our, comport with your views; and will insure success to our cause.-The Courier from Bexar has this moment come in, and says that the man reported shot and killed, is not dead-but shot where we heard and must certainly die-and the leader of the party, slightly wounded by a Pistol ball and only three Rifles heard crack-They have put the commander and most of the men in prison for cowardice-The reinforcements did arrive, under Baragan with 30 men-and no more spoken of-He is stationed in 5th street.   The Politcal Chief has fled-and every other principal man we wrote to with him- Their force was 100-and yours reported only 15 The owner of this place is suspected, and the courier would not approach him for fear of detection and exposure (Jose Antonio Garza is his name) Do let us hear from you, and receive some aid to furnish provisions for our men-Should you send, your courier will hear from us hear In haste, We subscribe ourselves    James Bowie   J W. Fannin Jr  [Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin In Camp at Salado Near Bexar   Pr. Smith

Release of Capt. Savarigo ROYALL ORDER 23 Oct 1835
San Felipe de Austin Oct 23rd 1835 To All to Whom may Concirn this will Make Known that the Genl councel of Texas from the solicitation of Genl S. F. Austin commander in chief and from its having, been satisfactorily Proven to the councel that Capt. Manuel Savarigo is a man of Liberal and Republican Principles which appears Evidence before the councel by information Recived of his former Acts as well as by his own declaration left on file in this office- Therefore it was Resolved that the said Capt. Savarigo have liberty to depart unmolested and that he be treated with civility by all officers engaged in the common cause of the people of Texas and the principles of the constitution of Eighteen liondred and twenty four for which we declair     Signed   R. R. Royall  President   A. Houston Sect

Supplies for Bexar LETTER TO MCKENNEY ET AL. 23 Oct 1835
Gentlemen    San Felipe 23d October 1835 We have just received, by Doctor Hoxey who left the Army on the 19th, a communication from General Austin Calling for forced marches of the Volunteers, and stating that the Enemy was strongly fortified, a cannon belitig, placed on the Church, and the streets barricaded.   By another letter dated the 20th and brought in by an express, we learn, that Our Army was encamped on the Salado five miles from Bexar, that the Enemy's advance had fallen back upon the town, that our iroops had taken a strong position, and would await the arrival of reinforcements and supplies. Among the articles called for by General Austin-are the following  300 Blankets   300 prs Strong shoes  1 Bale of heavy Lowell Cotton--20 pieces  500 Soap in Boxes  250 good tobacco   2 Flax thread   100 Nos 1 & 2 needles.  He urges also the immediate despatch of the large Cannon if mounted, if they are not, he recommends, that they be mounted if practicable with as little delay as possible. The Artillery sent is too small to beat down walls. With the Cannon must be sent both powder and balls. We have prevailed on Mr. Smith to go down to forward these things, but he is a stranger, and we must ask your aid, as it is all important to Texas to use despatch. Mr. Smith has Doctor Archer's order for the arms &c. please fail not to act with all possible despatch, press waggons, Horses, or any thing to further the good Cause.  Yours respectfully Copy of the order sent to McKenny, Ed Andrews, R Mill, & Col. Knight & Josiah Bell Oct 24 1835

Response to requests AUSTIN TO BOWIE AND FANNIN 24 Oct 1835
Head Quarters Camp Salado Oct 24, /35 To James Bowie Esq. and Capt. Fannin Gent., I received yours of this evening by Col. Hall who arrived since dark I have ordered a reinforcement of fifty men to joint you to night and the men are now out trying to get up their horses. But it is uncertain whether they will all succeed; as many of the number however as can get ready will set off as soon as possible to night.  I am sorry to inform you that it is impossible to raise here the ready money you want to purchase supplies. I send you however the joint obligation of myself and many others which I have no doubt will be received by the mayor domo of the Missions, in the room of money in hand. You giving him a certificate or receipt for every thing you get. In the event this arrangement will not satisfy him there is no resource left but to follow the Law of necessity, and take what you want, taking care however to present an exact account of every thing which you will present to the Adjt. as a Voucher which he may hereafter use.   By order     S F Austin   Warren D C Hall Adjt Genl.

Report to Council AUSTIN TO COUNCIL 24 Oct 1835
Head Quarters Camp Salado Octr. 24th 1835 To the Connell of Safety S. Felipe Gentlemen On this day I have commenced the investment of San Antonio and feel sanguine in my expectations of reducing the place within a few days if the expected reinforcements arrive but not other wise. You will therefore immediately perceive the urgent necessity there is for hurrying out Volunteers, who ought to come on with all possible speed without waiting or delaying for any cause whatever. Evry day since we have been here there has been more or less skirmishing between our advanced parties and those of the Enimy. In evry instance the emmy has retreated; upon several occasions with some damage. In a skirmish day before yesterday they one or two wounded, one mortally, and in one of this morn they had some 4 or 5 killed and many wounded.  It is ascertained beyond doubt that the Inhabitants about here and Sant Antonio are favourable to our cause- Juan Seguin with a few men came to camp 2 days ago to offer their services and I have appointed him a Capt. to raise a company of Mexican Volunteers who are to join the Army as soon as possible.   The great object of this communication is to urge the necessity of the Volunteers coming on as fast as possible without delaying or waiting for any thing.  Should the troops from Nacbogdoches meet this express they will send a runner ahead to inform me when they will get up.  Signed S. F. Austin

Supply Contract Authorization AUSTIN TO SEGUIN 24 Oct 1835
Federal Army of Texas. Headquarters, Camp Salado, October 24, 1835. You are fully authorized to contract with the inhabitants or owners of ranches for one hundred fanegas [about two hundred and sixty-seven bushels] of corn and ten of beans or peas for this army, at the current price, delivered in the encampment of the army, with the understanding- that payment will be made in money, or that bills of exchange on [New] Orleans will be given, and that in addition to the public faith of the people of the departments of Brazos and Nacogdoches the principal capitalists of Texas, who are now in this army, are pledged for the faithful and due payment of the value of the corn and of all else that is bought from the inhabitants.  To Senor D. Juan N. Seguin.     S. F. Austin.  By order.  Warren D. C. Hall Adj. Gen.

Reports and Requests BOWIE AND FANNIN TO AUSTIN 24 Oct 1835
Mission of Espadas, Saturday morning 7. oclk AM 24th octr 1835 Genl S F Austin Half an hour since we were attacked by the enmy, who were repulsed, after a few fires being exchanged Only a few men were seen-say about fifty-tho, from the dust etc. it is believed 200 or more, were in the company-Dr Archer says that Col. Ugartichea was the commandant, as he plainly saw him, and recognised him-The place is in a good condition, or can be made so in an hour, for defence, and until we know, of the advance of some aid, or what was intended by this feint, we will continue to occupy this station, where we have provisions enough for the army provided means are supplied to purchase Our forces are too few to hold it, and devide, so as to do effective service- Will you communicate with us and inform us what we may rely on- We are decidely of the opinion, that this is an important post for the army of Texas- Let us know if you have rec our two dispatches by Black and Smith, and whether you approve of our movements etc. If you do, and can spare the fifty men-or the 2d Division of the 1st Batalion, fow them, and your orders etc as to the movements etc and what post, to cooperate with yours, we should take- We should have marched in half an hour to the timber, within 3/4 mile of Bexar, and shall yet do so, when we hear from you- Please advise us as to provisions etc and the means to purchase and supply the same-and fow our portion of flour etc. rec from Goliad and elsewhere- Permit us to again suggest-nay urge, the propriety- the necessity of some movement, which will bring us nearer together, and shut in the enemy, and either starve them out, whip them out, or dishearten and beat them in small parties, in all of which, our two parties may agree on an hour and cooperate with each other, and never fail of success etc   James Bowie   J W Fannin Jr [Addressed:] Genl. S. F. Austin on Salado, Near Bexar. pr Russell and Baylor

Mission of Espadaa 24 octr 35 Saturday evening 4 oclk P.M Genl. Austin   By our Courier of this morning I informed you every circumstance to this date- I requested re-inforcements to the amt of fifty men, and suggested our investing the Town above and below, and acting in concert.  Being informed of your additional strength I am now emboldened to ask for 150-as we have the Roads to Rio Grande and Misions below to guard, and the small parties necessary to do it effectually, will weaken our force so as to make our position not altogether as safe, at is might be, and can be, when you have such forces above We have such information, as to apprehend an attack to night from Baragan, as he knows our numbers, and threatened us today-Fow fifty men tonight, and say to us what you wish done, and when we may expect others-and whether we shall take a position near Bexar tomorrow- Should any other officer be chosen to supercede Col Bowie, will you allow (me) (Fannin) to suggest the names of Genl. Huston and col. Hall- Mr Wharton will assign my reasons etc     James Bowie   J W Fannin Jr   [Addressed:] Genl. S F Austin Camp Salado

Ruiz Evidence NAVARRO TO COMMANDANT 25 Oct 1835 [Angel Navarro, Bexar, transmits evidence to Cos concerning Zeferino Ruiz, who left Bexar without a passport and returned with one from the leaders of the revolt]

Move to Mission Espada AUSTIN TO COUNCIL 26 Oct 1835
Camp Salado Oct. 26 1836 [1835] I shall move with the Army today to the Missions, and press the operations as fast as my force will permit- I have but four hundred effective men- Genl. Cos has about 800 or 900, and is well fortified We need reinforcements, I shall persevere here- My health is very bad- There has been skirmishing dayly but no loss on our side S. F. Austin   The members of the convention except the comr. and his staff leave here today to hold the convention on the 1 Novr. or as soon as they get a quorum.  S. F. Austin To the Committee San Felipe

AUSTIN ORDER 26 Oct 1835
Camp Selado Octr 26 1835 The troops who are coming on will turn off the road at the Sivolo and march to the Mission of Espada below Bexar. Orders have been given to blaize out a way for this purpose-a guard has been detailed at Civolo, to direct those who come on. They Should leave the Civolo in bodies and organized and keep their horses secure at night, and a strict guard. The officer will send on an Express, when he gets near the Missions to inform me of the approach of any troops. The Nacogdoches troops are ordered to furnish a guard for the Waggons that are coming on, and protect them from the Civolo, and should those troops have passed, any others on the road are ordered to do the same.   S. F. Austin.

Should members of convention depart? BRYAN TO PERRY 26 Oct 1835
Salado 26th Oct 1835 Dear Father and Mother I wrote you the day before yesterday by express since that time the members of the consultation who are here 28 or 30 met and concluded to leave it to the vote of the Army whether the members should return and take their seat in the convention or remain untill after San Antonio is taken a large majority were in favor of the members returning with the exception of those who belonged to the staff, and those who might volunteer to remain   Travis is a member who volunteers to remain and there are others, when the thing was first talked of I thought it would be the means of disbanding the army as I heard most every one say that he would return if the members of the convention left   Doct Archer was appointed by the members to address the army before the question was put, afterwards, Genl Houston, and then Jack and lastly Uncle who was just able to sit on his horse all purporting the same (that is) the propriety and even the necessity of sending the members back (those who were willing to go with the exception of those belonging to the Staff) some 15 or 20 men would go back any how perhaps more.

We are going down to the mission of the Espada to take up our quarters-I presume we will have 400 men when all have gone back who are dissatisfied perhaps not so many however they say with two hundred men we can sustain ourselves in the mission we will be continually recg. reinforcements. and perhaps we will have Bexar in 4 or 5 days what are here have pledged themselves to stand up to the tug until Bexar is taken. Uncle in his short speech told them that he would remain as long as 10 men would stick to him, because the salvation of Texas depends on the army being sustained and at the same time the meeting of the Convention   Uncle is better this morning than he has been for several days although slightly salivated   Joel is well    M. A. Bryan    [Addressed:] Mr. James F Perry   Peach Point   To the care of Jno- R. Jones    San Felipe de Austin who will please forward this by the first opportunity

Commission to Moore AUSTIN TO MOORE 26 Oct 1835
Camp Selado 26th October 1835 A company of horse will be organized by Col. Moore to be formed by those who have double barrel shot guns and pistols.  S. F. Austin Commr. in Chief. To Col. John H. Moore By Order  W. D. C. Hall  Adjutant and Insptr. Genl.

Report COS TO TORNEL 26 Oct 1835
Exmo. Sr. Por la nota Supr. de VE. 22. del pasado me he impuesto de la orn. que tubo pr. conveniente librar pa. el regreso del Batallon Morelos a Sn. Luis Potosi, cuya providencia fue dictado sin duda antes que esa Superioridad estublese informado de la sublebacion de las Colonias de estos Departamtos. Por esta razon y de, pr. que no cuento con las fuerzas quetanto neccesito pa. reducir a lso Colonos, some tengo ya informado a VE. con anterioridad, no dudo que se sirvira disponer de qe. este Cuerpo vuelva immediatento. a estos Estados donde sion necesarios sus servicios. Dios y Libertad Bejar Octubre 26. de 1835 Mtin. Perf. to de Cos Exmo. Sr. Ministro de la Guerra y Mexina, Mejico

Orders to Bowie AUSTIN TO BOWIE 27 Oct 1835
Head Quarters Mission Espada October 27th, 1835. Colonel James Bowie, Volunteer Aid: You will proceed with the first division of Captain Fannin's company and others attached to that division and select the best and most secure position that can be had on the river, as near Bejar as practicable to encamp the army tonight, keeping in view in the selection of this position pasturage and the security of the horses, and the army from night attacks of the enemy. You will also reconnoiter, so far as time and circumstances will permit, the situation of the outskirts of the town, and the approaches to it, whether the houses have been destroyed on the outside, so as to leave every approach exposed to the raking of cannon. You will make your report with as little delay as possible, so as to have time to the army to march and take up its position before night. Should you be attacked by a large force send an express immediately with the particulars. By order    S. F. Austin   P W Grayson, Aid-de-camp

Orders to Travis AUSTIN TO TRAVIS 27 Oct 1835
Head Quarters Mission Espada Odr. 27, 1835   Lieut. Travis is hereby authorized to raise a volunteer Company of Cavalry of not less than fifty or more than Eighty men- each man to be armed with a double barrell gun or Yager and brace of pistols. Without the Consent of the Capt. not more than one tenth of his Company shall be. permitted to volunteer in the proposed corps   By order    S F Austin  Warren D C Hall Adjt Genl

General Orders AUSTIN ORDERS 27 Oct 1835
General Orders Head Quaters 27th Oct 1835 The guard will be detailed and ordered to parade evry morning at nine o-clock. The Commandant of each company is positively ordered to turn out the Officers, non Commissioned Officers and men detailed from their respective Companies and have them marched to the place where the guard parades precisely at nine O'clock in the morning, and report them to the Adjutant. The adjutant of the Regiment is positively ordered to parade the guard call the roll and deliver them to the officer of the day precisely at nine O'clock in the morning.  He and the officers of the day will then report to the Adjutant General, receive the countersign and instructions He will then post the guard accompanied by the officers of the day. He will then dismiss the old guard.  S. F. Austin By Order  Warren D. C. Hall   Adjt. and Inspct Genl

Concepcion Battle Report BOWIE AND FANNIN TO AUSTIN ca. 28 Oct 1835
Dear Sir--In conformity with your order of the 27th inst., we proceeded with the division composed of ninety-two men, rank and file, under our joint command, to examine the Missions above Espada, and select the most eligible situation near Bejar, for the encampment of the main army of Texas. After carefully examining that of San Jos� (having previously visited San Juan) we marched to that of Conception, and selected our ground in a bend of the river San Antonio, within about five hundred yards of the old Mission Conception. The face of the plain in our front was nearly level, and the timbered land adjoining it formed two sides of a triangle, both of which were as nearly equal as possible; and, with the exception of two places, a considerable blufl` of from six to ten feet sudden fall in our rear, and a bottom of fifly to one hundred yards to the river.

We divided the command into divisions, and occupied each one side of the triangle, for the encampment on the night of the 27th, Captain Fannin's company being under cover of the south side, forming the first division, and Captains Coleman, Goheen, and Bennet's companies, (making in all only forty-one, rank and file) occupied the north side, under the immediate command of myself, (James Bowie, as aid-de-camp.) Thus the men were posted, and lay on their arms during the night of the 27th, having out strong picket guards, and one of seven ineii in the cupola of the Mission-house, which overlooked the whole country, the horses being all tied up.

The night passed quietly off, without the least alarm; and at dawn of day, every object was obscured by a heavy, dense fog, which entirely prevented our guard, or look-out from the Mission, seeing the approach of the enemy. At about half an hour by sun, an advanced guard of their cavalry rode upon our line, and fired at a sentinel who had just been relieved, who returned the fire, and caused one platoon to retire; but another charged on him (Henry Karnes), and he discharged a pistol at them, which had the same effect.   The men were called to arms; but were for some time unable to discover their foes, who had entirely surrounded the position, and kept up a constant firing, at a distance, with no other effect than a waste of ammunition on their part. When the fog rose, it was apparent to all that we were surrounded, and a desperate fight was inevitable, all communications with the main army being cut off. Immediate preparation was made, by extending our right flank (first division) to the south, and placing the second division on the left, on the same side, so that they might be enabled to rake the enemy's, should they charge into the angle, and prevent the effects of a cross-fire of our own men; and, at the same time, be in a compact body, contiguous to each other, that either inight reinforce the other, at the shortest notice, without crossing the angle, in an exposed and uncovered ground, where certain loss must have resulted. The men, in the mean time, were ordered to clear away bushes and vines, under the hill and along the margin, and at steepest places to cut steps for foot-hold, in order to afford them space to form and pass, and at suitable places ascend the bluff; discharge their rifles, and fall back to re-load. The work was not completed to our wish, before the infantry were seen to advance, with arms trailed, to the right of the first division, and form the line of battle at about two hundred yards distance from the right flank. Five companies or their cavalry supported them, covering our whole front and flanks. Their infantry was also supported by a large force of cavalry.

In this manner, the engagement commenced at about the hour of' eight o'clock, A. M., on Wednesday, 28th of October, by the deadly crack of a rifle from the extreme right. The engagement was immediately general. The discharge from the enemy was one continued blaze of fire, whilst that from our lines, was more slowly delivered, but with good aim and deadly effect, each man retiring under cover of the hill and timber, to give place to others, whilst he re-loaded.  The battle had not lasted more than ten minutes, before a brass double fortified four-pounder was opened on our line with a heavy discharge of grape and canister, at the distance of about eighty yards from the right flank of the first division, and a charge sounded. But the cannon was cleared, as if by magic, and a check put to the charge. The same experiment was resorted to, with like success, three times, the division advanced, under the hill at each fire, and thus approximating near the cannon and victory.  "The cannon and victory" was truly the war-cry, and they only fired it five times, and it had been three times cleared, and their charge as often broken, before a disorderly and precipitate retreat was sounded, and most readily obeyed, leaving to the victors their cannon. Thus a small detachment of ninety-two men gained a most decisive victory over the main army of the central government, being at least four to one, with only the loss of one brave soldier (Richard Andrews), and none wounded: whilst, the enemy suffered in killed and wounded near one hundred, from the best information we can obtain, which is entitled to credit; say sixty-seven killed, among, them many promising officers. Not one man of the artillery company escaped unhurt.  No invidious distinction can be drawn between any officer or private, on this occasion. Every man was a soldier, and did his duty, agreeably to the situation and circumstances under which he was placed.

It may not be amiss here to say, that near the close of the engagement another heavy piece of artillery was brought up, and fired thrice, but at a distance; and by a reinforcement of another company of cavalry, aided by six mules, ready harnessed, they got it off. The main army reached us in about one hour after the enemy's retreat. Had it been possible to communicate with you, and brought you up earlier, the victory would have been decisive, and Bejar ours before twelve o'clock. With sentiments of high consideration, we subscribe ourselves,    Yours, most respectfully  JAMES BOWIE, Aid-de-Canip.   J.W. FANNIN, Commandant first division.     General S. F. AUSTIN.

Report of Battle of Concepcion AUSTIN TO CONVENTION 28 Oct 1835
Head Quarters, Mission of Conception, 11/2 Miles From Bejar, October 28, 1835. To the President of the Convention of Texas. Sir,-I have the honor to inform you that the enemy, to the number of about three hundred cavalry and one hundred infantry, as nearly as can be ascertained, with two pieces of cannon, at sunrise this morning, attacked a detachment from the army, consisting of ninety men, under the command of colonel Bowie and captain Fanning, who were posted at this place; and after a warm engagement of three hours, were repulsed with the loss of one piece of cannon, (a six-pounder) and about thirty muskets, sixteen men left dead on the field, and, from the best accounts, nearly as many more were carried off. The number of wounded we can only conjecture, with the exception of two that remained on the field. It is with great regret I have to say, that on our side we had one man, Richard Andrews, of Mina, dangerously wounded-I fear mortally. But we have sustained no other loss, except a few horses.  The main body of the army came up, in about thirty minutes after the enemy had retired. A more circumstantial account of this action, which has resulted so gloriously to the federal army, and more particularly to the individuals immediately engaged, will be given as soon as It can be made out.  The overwhelming superiority of force, and the brilliancy of the victory gained over them, speak for themselves in terms too expressive to require from me any further eulogy I have Just learned that the cavalry of the enemy was commanded by colonel Ugartechea, and the infantry by colonel Mariano Cos, brother of the general,  Martin Perfecto.  S. F. Austin

Dispatch of Guides AUSTIN TO RUSK 28 Oct 1835
Head Quarters Mexican Concepcion Oct 28 1835 To the Comandant of the Nacogdoches Volunteers, I have dispatched two men to guide you to where you may join us, at this place - you can safely march in sight of Bejar without going much out of your way - This will have a good effect, in discouraging the troops of the enemy, giving them an idea that we are rapidly reinforcing - It will be well for they propose to march in such order as to make the great display possible. The Dispatch by the S. Felipe Express will inform you of the events of this day   S. F. Austin   [Addressed:] To Captn. Rusk & Capt. Augustin of the Nacogdoches troops on the way

Order on Discipline AUSTIN ORDER 28 Oct 1835
Head Quarters Oct 28 '35 The Army is now in presence of the enemy- prompt Obedience to Orders and strict discipline will soon effect the great objects of the Campaign, but without them nothing but disgrace and ruin will be the result. It is therefore expressly ordered that any Officer who disobeys orders, shall be immediately arrested and suspended from his Command, until a Court Martial decides his case. The Colonel of the Regiment will Circulate this order without delay to every officer and Company in his Regiment.   S. F. Austin By order   Warren D. C. Hall Adjt Genl.

Description of Concepcion BRYAN TO PERRY 28 Oct 1835
2 mile from Bexar Oct 28th We arrived here about the middle of the day. A party of 90 men under Bowie and Capt Fannin who were sent here yesterday to pick out a position for the army were attacked by 300 cavalry and 100 infantry with two pieces of artillery the attack was made about day brake, 16 mexicans were left dead on the ground and several wounded and dead were taken off by the cavalry. Capt. Richard Andrews from the Colorado was shot in the stomach. It is supposed he will die one or two more were slightly wounded is all the injury we sustained. The main army did not arrive from the mission de Espada where it was stationed untill about one hour after the battle. The contest lasted 4 hours. We took an excellent brass piece, a long 6 pounder which will be of service to us, they succeeded in getting away with the other pieces. We have upwards of 400 men and provision tolerable plenty 4 waggons have arrived with Supplies, We are now near the Mission Concepcion on the San Antonio River. We occupy the banks of the river, plenty of bushes and trees which saved the lives of many of our soldiers 100 men will be here to morrow from Nacogdoches and 3 or 4 pieces of artillery shortly Bexar I think will fall shortly. An express was arrested yesterday with letters from Matamoros and other places by which we received letters directed to Cos etc stating that money and troops were scarce articles. The Montazuma now Bravo is ordered to the Arransas to cruiz but without troops, There are 6 cannon mounted in Bexar to recieve us, and about 650 men I think after hearing all the stories about the dead and wounded the enemy lost 50 men as to the dead I saw 15 or 16 myself on the ground and two prisoners badly wounded now in our camp. We have four prisoners. Joel is well so are the two McNeels and Hassell neither of them had a chance to distinguish themselves. Uncle is much better in fact he is will I hope the campaign will soon be over. I have written 2 or 3 times since I left San felipe The express is about starting Joel's and my love to all     M. Austin Bryan     N B I write on my lap and in a hurry M A B Somervell is Major he sends his respects    [Addressed:] Mr James F Perry Peach Point Mr Gay will forward this by the first opportunity

From Goliad LIST OF STORES 28 Oct 1835
List of articles of Subsistence, camp furniture etc forwarded to Head Quarters, pr order of the Com. in Ch., under charge of Maj. Geo. Southerland, Oct. 28th 1835-by P. Dimmitt. Comm, at Goliad.  43 Barrels Flour   6 Sacks Salt   3 do Coff cc   2 Boxes Sugar   1 Cask Claret   1 Barrel Gin   1 do Rum   1 do Cordial   3 Boxes Wine     4 do Soap 2 do Sperm Candles   3 Bales Tobacco   2 doz Iron Kettles   2 doz Tin Pans   2 doz Cups   2 doz Frying Pans   2 doz Horn   As received from the Comg of Subsistence by Ira Ingram

Complaint about Houston's Traitorous Conduct HUFF AND JACK TO COUNCIL 28 Oct 1835
Gonzales 28th Oct. 1835 To the President of the Council at San Felipe   Sir  In times like the present when it becomes every good citizen and friend to his country to be at his post to guard the interests, the rights, the honor, & liberties of his country from the attacks of its foes no matter from what quarter they may be made, we therefore deem it our imperious duty to advise you of the conduct of some Individuals who stile themselves citizens of the country-but who are in fact its worst & most dangerous enemies. To satisfy your mind of the truth & correctness of our assertion we submit to you a plain unvarnished statement of facts without the least comment whatsoever

To day Sam Houston of Nacogdoches arrived in this place on his return to the consultation of all Texas. His conduct here has evidenced the most discontented & envious of spirits mixed with the most unmeasured vanity   He has peremptorily ordered that the company in whose charge is the cannon, proceed no farther towards San Antonio but on the contrary to commence a retreat back to the colonies-he has endeavored to discourage our men by ridiculing a siege & alledging the impracticability of taking Bexar-he has tried to induce our men to return by declaring we ought not to march against San Antonio-he has even attempted to pursuade one of our waggoners, to refuse to proceed farther-but to leave the cannon and return, he had the impudence to order the blacksmiths who were at work on the cannon to stop-in fact he has in the course of two or three hours stay in this Town done more to convince every reflecting mind, that he is a vain, ambitious, envious, disappointed, discontented man, who desires the defeat of our army-that he may be appointed to the command of the next

We make this statement not to create division in your councils-but to warn the friends of the country against the insidious attempts of designing ambitious men who have an eye to their own ambitious projects rather than to the good of the country-We have mentioned but one name-ther are others who may truly be styled traitors in the ranks-but these are the mere hangers on of the above named individual Gentlemen we are your Sevts    Geo Huff   Spencer H Jack

Sam Houston came to me this evening & in the most peremptorily manner ordered me not to proceed with the cannon without alledging any reason why I should not    Geo Huff

Strategy for Receiving Deserters AUSTIN TO BOWIE AND FANNIN 31 Oct 1835
Head Quarters on the Canal above Bexar Oct. 31st 1835 To Colo. James Bowie and Capn. Fanning.  I have taken a position on the Alamo Canal at the mouth of a dry gully about one mile from town,-There is one, a little nearer, but it can not be occupied to day- I have certain information that all the surplus horses except about 250 or 200, were started to Laredo last night. The number that left is reported at 900 head- The escort does not exceed twenty or thirty men I have dispatched Capn. Travis with 50 men to overtake and capture them- He has good guides and I have no doubt will succeed I have to inform you that a servant of Antonio de la Garza came into camp today bringing a proposition from the greater Part of the S. Fernando Company of Cavalry, and the one of Rio Grande-to desert- This man was sent to procure a guarantee for them, when they come out- I have given the guarantee and have now to communicate, to you the mode in which they will come out to us-when etc.-He says they will be obliged to come in the day time, upon some occasion of alarm when they are ordered out,- These troops are stationed in the hous of Padilla in one of the lower labors which Colo. Bowie understands the situation of--It would be well then for you to morrow to make a diversion on that side so as to produce the necessary stir; so that they may be ordered out, and thus give these men the chance to come out as it were on duty and then escape-They will present themselves with the britch of their guns advanced or a white flag-Padilla has made acquaintances in those companies, who sen in Garza's servant (Jose Ortis) to have an understanding with him as to the guarantee and the mode of joining us.-

In regard to the measure of harassing the enemy to night as was spoken of before we parted by simultaneous firing on the town, I have today thot I am obliged to decline it: owing partly to the condition of the men here at present, having lost so much sleep last night; and partly to the difficulty of crossing the river from here, so as to cooperate in time with the men on foot- As you will make a diversion tomorrow for the purpose of bringing out the Deserters, you will therefore decline anything of the kind tonight unless you think it better to proceed on your part- If you think so you can act as you think best, in that respect, but without expecting any cooperation from this quarter, for the reason I have mentioned- I will however mention that a few men from here may probably fire on the Alamo, which is you know on this side of the River-about moon down As there is abundance of corn here, you can use that brought by Seguin for your Detachment. I wish you to send to Seguins Ranch for some rockets that are there- 2 or 3 dozen- In Spanish they are called quetes pronounced quates-we may want them Please to give me your opinions and those of your officers as to the mode of further operation on the enemy. By order S. F. Austin  W. D. C. Hall Adjt Gen.  Dispatch the bearer with your answer to night as soon possible S. F. A.  I wish your opinions as to storming or besieging-S. R. Austin

Offer of Truce to Cos by Bowie 31 Oct 1835 BOWIE TO COS 31 Oct 1835
Camp Concepcion, near Bexar, 31st Oct. 1835. To Gen. Cos, Commander-in-Chief of Bexar: You are aware of the position of the forces under my command below Bexar, as well as that of Gen. Austin above town. The two bodies are now prepared to act in concert with each other; but before further hostilities are resumed, I am induced by the most friendly and humane considerations for my Mexican fellow-citizens to open a communication with you in order to close the war & unnecessary effusion of blood. I fought you on the 28th with only a small detachment of ninety-two men. Should you feel disposed to enter into a negotiation for the accomplishment of this desirable object, your flag will be respected. In this event the war may be speedily and honorably closed & the rights of all secured. Your answer will be expected this afternoon. With sentiments of the highest consideration for you excellences happiness, I am Yrs. &c., Jas. Bowie ... and trust that you will allow that the volunteers who are just from their homes, accustomed to agricultural pursuits only fought you like soldiers and men resolved to live free or die. They have sworn to support & maintain the Federal Constitution of 1824; and they hold to that as their sheet anchor and will sooner part with life, than abandon it without further effort. It is with much difficulty these brave men can be now restrained, having been reinforced by a large number of their countrymen and recently flushed with victory purchased with no loss on their part.

Appeal to Maintain Siege ROYALL TO AUSTIN, HOUSTON, ET AL 31 Oct 1825
San Felipe. October 31st. 1835 To Genl. S. F. Austin Genl. Sam Houston and Volunteers Generally Friends and Fellow Citizens We understand from persons from head Quarters that much disatisfaction prevails in camp on account of being uncomfortable. we most earnestly hope you will not desert the Noble Enterprise so boldly and manfully Begun. will You leave our frontier to the Ravages of a cowardly foe who dare not oppose you when in the Field, will you sacrifice Texas and the Fame you have already won for the sake of a little momentary comfort, ill you forsake the fine settlements to the West (Guadaloupe and La Vaca.) only for the sake of a little Respite from the Inclemency of the approaching winter thereby giving the Enemy confidence in themselves and a contempt for us. We cannot believe it. You are still Americans and will sustain your character as such Gentlemen and Friends.  If you desert San Antonio you will almost Ruin Texas. As for comforts, you shall want for none Wagons are on the Road with Corn meal sugar coffee and Bacon Flour some arms canon and Ball. Blanketts tent cloth shoes etc are also started from Columbia and Brazoria our friends there Invite you to send for what you want and nothing will be refused you   If you want clothing a heavy stock has just arrived in Brazoria, Quintana and Matagorda. do but sav and it shall be sent you without price or trouble on your Part let each Capt Report his wants to the commander and this council has provided means to fill every order nothing call be Ordered but what will be at your command we will send it on Pack Horses, If you are in a hurry we can get an abundance of Warm Clothing Blanketts Shoes, and Tents If you will but just ask for it. Reinforcements are coming from every Quarter and If you but Just hold on a little San Antonio must fall just at the sight as If it were of your superior numbers. If you or a portion of you leave it will discourage and prevent the Reinforcements now getting up in all parts of the Country 75 men from N. Orleans, in complete uniform have Just left Brazoria and will soon Join you all Express from Lake Creek says in a few days 50 men from that Quarter will leave for head Quarters men from Nacogdoches came in today and from all accounts we Expect a Great many more from there in a few days. 75 left N. Orleans by steam for Nachitoches destined for Texas and will be soon along. another vessel full is hourly expected at Velasco and from cow Bayou some 30 or 50 more beside our letters from the U States In form us of Companies being in readiness all along the Mississippi River and from the Calls we have made Upon them we cannot fear but there will be in a few weeks as many troops as we want when our Farmers may return home and attend to their Bussiness. You must see that we have every thing to expect and nothing to loose by holding on. you will be assuredly relieved in the meantime every comfort ever known in an Army shall be afforded you If you will but ask for it.  Felow citizens we would Gladly Join you I'll the Army but there is but a few of us and your necessities require that we stay here to forward supplies and take all other steps to advance the Cause you are fighting for. Felow Citizens You are where the news of state of things dont reach you we hear from all parts of Texas and the United States, of Reinforcements men and money. As much As we want can soon be had We would not expect to Rise up and conquer the enemy in a few Weeks and If you but hold on a little while all will be well

The 12 pounder is perhaps now at Colorato  The 13 pounder is perhaps started from Columbia with considerable Powder and Ball I am shure these circumstances should encourage you If they afford no other advantage you call plant them where they will knock a few of their Houses about their Ears. the Wagon from Matagorda will cross the Colorado I suppose to day with shugar, coffee, Iron for slugs etc etc the wagon with musketts is on the Road and also Bacon We earnestly hope that the next we hear is you have determined never to abandon your hold and Receive an Order for more tent Cloth Blanketts Warm Clothing, shoes etc etc. The things already on the Road in the way of clothing is 300 Blanketts 250 prs shoes 600 yds tent cloth, soap and candles. We Remain Very Respectfully R. R. Royall, Presd Genl Council.  A. Houston Secty   N B. If you wish the Volunteers from N. O. to come to Bexar send to Goliad for them they will be there in a few days from this R. R. R.  [Addressed:] Generals Austin and Houston Head Quarters Bexar

Barragan through Tornel to Governors and Commanders 31 Oct 1835
From the moment the news of the general insurrection by the Texas colonists reached Mexico City, President Barragan, through the Ministry of War, sent to all Governors and Military Commanders the following dispatch:
For a long time the ungrateful Texas colonists have made fun of the national laws of Mexico; disregarding the fact that Mexico gave them a generous welcome and kept them close to our bosom; dispensing to them the same - and even more - benefits than to our own sons. Every time we have had internal agitation they have thought the Republic weak and impotent to control their (the Texan) excesses. These have multiplied intensely, producing insults again and again against the whole of our National Arms. When order was finally established in the interior, they hypocritically pretended a bond they did not feel to the institutions of their Stepmother. Given the slightest opportunity, they returned to their aggressions, throwing insults at our customs employees and even fighting the small detachments which protected them. To the Texas colonists, the word MEXICAN is, and has been, an execrable word. There has been no insult or violation that our countrymen have not suffered, including being jailed as "foreigners" in their own country. The Texas colonies have been considered, for a long time, as general quarters for the enemies of the Nation; where all the bums and adventurers from the whole world have been gathered to revolt against the generous nation which has tolerated their insolence.

All this has reached the point where the flag of rebellion has been raised, the Texans aspiring shamelessly to take over one of the most precious parts of our land. Accomplices to this wickedness are adventurers from the State of Louisiana who foment disturbances and give necessary support to the rebels. The civilized world will not delay in pronouncing the judgement they deserve for this infamous and detestable conduct. The Supreme Government knows its duties and knows how to execute them. But our brave soldiers, so many times victorious over outside and inside enemies, are already marching to maintain in Texas our flag and honor, to punish the traitors and to reward those who remain faithful to their oaths, duties and obligations. In this national war, so unjustly provoked, justice and power are on our side; on the rebel's side crime, usurpation and the torch of discord they intend to use against our Republic in order to humble and vilify it. Their ideas will be frustrated; our Nation is and will be what it ought to be - a great and glorious country when our laws, property and rights are being violently attacked. Your Excellencies, make a call to the troops under your command that they will produce brilliant testaments of their invincibility in this foreign war as they were in Tepeaca, Cordoba, Azcapozalco, in the Huerta, in Veracruz and Tampico de Tamaulipas. The Government believes that Mexican worthy of his country will favor the treason of foreign rebels, but that if such a misfortunate exists, the power and duty of punishing him lies in your hands. God and Liberty! Mexico, 31st of October 1835. (Signed) Tornel.

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Muster at Gonzales and Battle of Bexar